What Is Rust And Why Do Metals Rust?
Metal rust, also known as metal corrosion, is a chemical reaction that refers to the process of destruction and deterioration caused by chemical or electrochemical reactions between the metal and its environment. Make the metal an oxidized (ion) state. It is due to its thermodynamic instability, which means that the metal and itself have a higher free energy than some compounds (such as oxides and hydroxides), causing elemental metal compounds to form when the free energy conditions are met.
This will significantly reduce the strength, plasticity, toughness, and other mechanical properties of metal materials, destroy the geometric shape of metal components, deteriorate electrical and optical physical properties, and reduce the equipment’s service life. Under normal conditions, the greater the energy consumed when refining a metal, the faster the metal will corrode.
What Types of Metals will Rust?
Any metal that contains a significant portion of iron, also known as “ferrous” metals, can rust. Metals that will rust include:
Because steel is a mixture of iron and carbon, it will definitely rust. What differentiates steel and stainless steel is the element chromium — chromium forms a shield against rusting, which makes stainless steel more corrosion-resistant. The more chromium content, the better. Regular steel has no such protection against rusting.
Why Does Cast Iron Or Wrought Iron Rust?
Any form of iron can rust when exposed to oxygen and water molecules. Cast iron is a combination of iron, carbon and silicon. Though it’s known for its resistance to wear, it can rust. Wrought iron, on the other hand, contains only trace amounts of carbon. It’s nearly pure iron, so rust is likely to form.
You can protect iron objects from rust by regularly applying paint and removing rust spots with a wire brush. You should also keep iron objects as dry as possible — wipe down cast iron pots and pans with a towel after washing, rather than letting them air-dry. Additionally, wash them right away instead of leaving them to soak. Iron requires much more attention and maintenance than other metals when it comes to avoiding corrosion.
What is Laser Rust Removal Machine?
The laser rust removal machine sends the laser beam generated by the laser generator to the laser rust removal gun via the laser cleaning system, and the laser beam from the laser rust removal gun scans the metal surface for rust cleaning.
Laser rust removal can be thought of as a more advanced level of laser cleaning. Laser rust removal can be accomplished in two ways. One approach is to use clean substrates and surface attachments with very different absorption coefficients at a specific laser energy wavelength. To achieve the purpose of cleaning, the majority of the laser energy irradiated on the surface is absorbed by the surface attachment, which causes it to be heated or evaporated, or rapidly expanded by the vapor flow formed on the surface and driven away from the surface of the object.
The substrate is not damaged, however, because the laser light absorbs very little energy at this wavelength. The key to achieving safe and efficient cleaning is to select the appropriate wavelength and control the laser energy.
The other is a laser rust remover, which is used to clean substrates and surface attachments. The laser energy absorption coefficient is not significantly different, or the substrate is sensitive to the acid vapor produced by coating heat, or the coating produces toxic substances after heating. A high-power, high-repetition-rate pulsed laser is typically used in this method to strike the cleaned surface and convert a portion of the beam into sound waves. The returning portion of the sound wave collides with the underlying hard surface, interfering with the incident sound wave produced by the laser, resulting in a high-energy wave that slightly explodes the coating. The coating is milled, pressed into powder, and vacuumed away without damaging the underlying substrate.
What Is Laser Rust Removal Gun?
A laser rust removal gun is made up of three parts: a gun shell, a galvanometer scanning component, and an iris component. The galvanometer scans the laser generated by the laser generator to form a linear light spot, which is emitted from the square light exit hole of the iris to the object to be cleaned, forming an optical output channel. The adjusting diaphragm can slide along the length of the light-emitting hole on the fixed diaphragm, changing the light-emitting length of the light-emitting hole to make it consistent with the size of the linear light spot, preventing returning light from entering the gun shell during the cleaning process.
The laser rust removal gun has a simple structure, is easy to use, and can process any high-reflective profile. It is adaptable to various types of laser generators. Simultaneously, to avoid pollution, the contact between the optical components in the laser rust cleaning gun and the outside world is closed.
Laser rust removal guns, in addition to being used for handheld laser cleaning, can also be installed on moving mechanical devices (such as robots, manipulators, and CNC machines), with the mechanical device automatically completing the preset motion trajectory. Its advantages include high precision, large-scale operation, and low technical and labor requirements for operators
How Does Laser Rust Removal Machine Work?
Laser rust removal machine transmits the laser beam generated by the laser generator to the laser rust removal gun through the laser cleaning system, and scans the metal surface by the laser beam from the laser rust removal gun for rust cleaning.
Laser rust removal can be understood as a deeper level of laser cleaning. There are two main methods of laser rust removing. One method is to use clean substrates and surface attachments that have very different absorption coefficients at a certain wavelength of laser energy. Most of the laser energy irradiated on the surface is absorbed by the surface attachment, which makes it heated or evaporated, or rapidly expanded by the vapor flow formed on the surface and driven away from the surface of the object to achieve the purpose of cleaning. However, since the laser light absorbs very little energy at this wavelength, the substrate is not damaged. Selecting the appropriate wavelength and controlling the laser energy is the key to achieving safe and efficient cleaning.
The other is a laser rust remover for cleaning substrates and surface attachments. The laser energy absorption coefficient is not much different, or the substrate is sensitive to the acid vapor formed by the coating heat, or the coating will produce toxic substances after heating. This method typically uses a high-power, high-repetition-rate pulsed laser to strike the cleaned surface and convert part of the beam into sound waves. The returning portion of the sound wave hits the underlying hard surface, interfering with the incident sound wave produced by the laser, producing a high-energy wave that causes the coating to explode slightly. The coating is milled, pressed into powder, and then removed with a vacuum pump without damaging the underlying substrate.
Handheld Laser Rust Removal Machine Features
What Is Laser Rust Removal Gun?
Laser rust removal gun includes a gun shell, a galvanometer scanning component and an iris component. The laser generated by the laser generator is scanned by the galvanometer to form a linear light spot, which is emitted from the square light exit hole of the iris to the object to be cleaned. , the whole constitutes an optical output channel. The adjusting diaphragm can slide along the length of the light-emitting hole on the fixed diaphragm, and then change the light-emitting length of the light-emitting hole to make it consistent with the size of the linear light spot, so as to prevent the returning light from entering the gun shell during the cleaning process. The laser rust removal gun has the advantages of simple structure, convenient use, and can process any high-reflection profiles. It can be adapted to different types of laser generators. At the same time, the contact between the optical components in the laser rust cleaning gun and the outside world is closed to avoid pollution.
In addition to being used for handheld laser cleaning, laser rust removal guns can also be installed on moving mechanical devices (such as robots, manipulators, and CNC machines.), and the mechanical device automatically completes the preset motion trajectory. Its advantages are high precision, large-scale operation, and low technical requirements and labor intensity for operators.
Laser Rust Removal Gun Features
Using a hand-held laser rust removal gun design, it can flexibly respond to various objects and angles. Straight gun design: Good accessibility, compound ergonomics. Lightweight design: The weight is less than 1KG, which is more conducive to long-time handheld operation.Dust-proof and sealed design: Independent modular design of the optical path, sealed and dust-proof.Removable dust suction port: Independent detachable dust suction port design with flexible adjustable height and angle.Standard cable with 6m length, longer is available for optional.
JPT Laser Generator
The best laser source with independent intellectual property rights, use a relatively mature solution, special for rust removal.Low power consumption, maintenance free, and easy to assemble, it is the most suitable laser source for industrial laser cleaning.Strong & stable water cooling system will ensure the fiber laser generator to work perfectly.
Easy Operation Supporting multiple languages
The control center adopts physical lock and adds physical lock on the basis of software security guarantee, which makes security more important and reduces the learning cost of operators.
Using the advanced water coolers, supplemented by a temperature control system, provides a double guarantee of safety, so that the product can be fully expanded and long service life.
Portable Handheld Laser Rust Cleaning Machine Advantages
1. Non-contact cleaning without causing damage to the parts’ bases.
2. Precise cleaning, with the ability to achieve precise location and size selective cleaning.
3. There is no chemical cleaning fluid, no consumables, and there is safety and environmental protection.
4. Simple operation with a special control panel that is easy to use.
5. It is portable and can be used as a hand-held device or in conjunction with a manipulator to achieve automatic cleaning.
6. Ergonomic design, which significantly reduces labor intensity of operation.
7. The laser rust cleaning system is stable and requires little maintenance.
Handheld Portable Laser Rust Removal Machine Specifications
Laser Running Mode
Fiber Cable Length
Three phaser 380V,50/60Hz
Portable Handheld Laser Rust Remover Application
Laser rust cleaning machines are commonly used in the mold industry, hardware industry, automobile industry, medical industry, electronic industry, home furnishing, kitchenware, and bathroom.
1. Surface rusting of metal.
2. Paint removal and treatment on the surface.
3. Surface free of dirt, stains, and dirt cleaning
4. Coating removal and surface coating
5. Cleaning of oil stains and contaminants.
6. Pretreatment of the welding surface and the spray surface
7. Cleaning of rubber, plastic, and metal mold residue.
Packing and Shipping of a Portable Handheld Laser Rust Remover
To protect the machine, the outside is wrapped in moisture-proof film, which is then wrapped in a layer of foam.
Packing is primarily done in wooden cases without fumigation, making it simple to clear customs.
Stay at home and receive express with high efficiency express and door-to-door service.
Portable Handheld Laser Rust Remover Packing & Shipping
The outside of the machine is wrapped with moisture-proof film, and then wrapped with a layer of foam to protect the machine.Packing is mainly in wooden cases without fumigation, which is easy to pass the customs.High efficiency express, door to door service, stay at home, you can receive express.
How Much Does Laser Rust Removal Machine Cost?
The price of a laser rush removal machine is different from the pricing methods of traditional cleaning such as detergents. Compared with the attributes of cleaning agents as consumables, laser rust cleaning machines can be used repeatedly. As a laser equipment, its price mainly depends on different configurations. For example, if a laser generator with higher power is used, the price will definitely be higher.
The price of 1000W portable laser rust remover starts from $8800. The price range of 1500W handheld laser rust removing machine is from $9800. The minimum cost of 2000W high power laser rust removal machine is $12,800. Of course, the price of an automatic laser rust cleaning machine with CNC controller or robot will be higher. Even if the configuration is similar, the costs from different manufacturers are not the same. Because the cost not only involves configuration, but also includes shipping, brand, after-sales service, and other factors.
How To Use Handheld Laser Rust Removal Machine?
Precautions Before Use
1. Make sure that the power socket is in good contact and the ground wire is reliably grounded.
2. Check and make sure that the cleaning head protects the lens inside and outside without dust.
3. Check and make sure that the buttons and switches on the whole machine are in normal state.
Step1: Take out the external power cord and power up the device;
Step 2: Turn on the switch on the power socket (power filter, fuse, switch three-in-one socket);
Step 3: Turn on the button switch on the laser rust cleaning machine, the system is powered on and initialized;
Step 4: After the system is started, adjust the parameters of the laser machine through the laser power knob and laser frequency knob on the laser descaling machine (displayed on the display);
Step 5: After the laser parameter setting is completed, press the laser enable button on the laser machine, and the red indicator light of the button will light up after pressing the button (be sure to confirm the release state of the button switch on the hand-held handle before pressing the button);
Step 6: Put on the laser protective glasses, take out the hand-held laser rust removal gun inserted in the case by hand, aim the gun at the workpiece to be cleaned, press the button on the handle of the gun, and the gun can emit light for cleaning;
Step 7: The laser cleaning range can be adjusted on the gun;
Step 8: After use, turn off the laser rust removal machine, insert the laser rust cleaning gun back into the storage box, and unplug the power plug.
Care & Maintenance
During operation, attention must be paid to care and maintenance to increase the service life of the laser rust removal machine, save costs and create greater benefits. In order to make the machine working normally and stably, it is necessary to do a good job in the daily maintenance.
International Shipping Around the World
All the CNC laser machines can be shipped worldwide by sea, by air or by international express logistics via DHL, FEDEX, UPS. You are welcome to get a free quotation by filling up the form with name, email, detailed address, product and requirements, we will shortly contact you with the full information including the most suitable delivery method (fast, secure, discreet) and freight.